HLP

12-04-2022
When regime forces took control of the Al-Ghab Plain region in the Hama governorate in early 2020, most residents were displaced to opposition-held areas in northern Syria. Among the displaced were owners of local fisheries. Regime military officers are now investing in some of these abandoned fisheries for their personal benefit.
12-04-2022
Customary marriages in Syria have negatively impacted women’s housing, land, and property rights. These types of marriages have increased in recent years as civil courts have suspended their work in many parts of the country. Even in areas where courts remain functional, many people were reluctant to register new marriages out of fear of forced military conscription or detection by security forces.
05-04-2022
The Aleppo City Council is demolishing buildings that it says are in violation of construction codes or at risk of collapse in the city’s western neighbourhoods. The demolition campaign appears to target properties owned by absentee residents, most of whom were displaced to opposition-held areas outside of Aleppo.
29-03-2022
The Homs City council issued official statements in February and March detailing how many residents have returned to their homes in war-damaged neighbourhoods of the old city centre, as well as to other areas. However, the statements ignored some Homs neighbourhoods that witnessed widespread destruction and whose residents remained displaced en masse.
29-03-2022
On March 23, the Aleppo City Council demolished several residential buildings in the city’s eastern neighbourhoods. The demolition campaign first targeted five buildings in the Al-Saliheen neighbourhood, then expanded to include other buildings in neighbouring areas. The city council’s Public Safety Committee previously evacuated residents from the buildings slated for demolition.
22-03-2022
Although the government has ostensibly opened the way for displaced residents to return to the southern Damascus city of Al-Hajjar Al-Aswad, a slew of challenges continue to prevent women, in particular, from returning home.
22-03-2022
With Cabinet Resolution No. 1596 of 2021, the Higher Investment Council (HIC) approved the executive instructions for Investment Law No. 18, which was issued in May 2021. The most notable part of the law, with regards to housing, land and property rights, was a provision allowing the use of private investment to establish business projects in some areas of Syria that have been damaged by the war.
22-03-2022
The Agrarian Reform Law No. 161 of 1958 allowed the Syrian state to expropriate more than the previously determined ceiling for agricultural land ownership and to redistribute the expropriated land to small farmers. On the other hand, the Agricultural Land Reclamation Law No. 29 of 2012 legalised state expropriation of agricultural land with the goal of increasing its productivity and then redistributing it to rights holders after deducting any land that is considered to be in excess of the ceiling for agricultural land ownership. 
15-03-2022
In a move similar to that of the Damascus governorate, the Hama City Council told owners and occupants of commercial kiosks in the popular Souq Jourah Hawa that they must remove the stalls. Only kiosk owners who were wounded in war or family members of “martyrs” were exempted; however, they were only given an additional, non-renewable year before they too are required to remove their kiosks.
15-03-2022
The Law on Building Occupants’ Organisations and Administrative Committees No. 55 of 2002 was aimed at regulating the administration, maintenance, and preservation of common areas in shared buildings and at enabling occupants to resolve any related disputes. The organisations mentioned in the law are not obligatory and many buildings do not have such bodies. 
15-03-2022
The Damascus governorate is continuing its partial and gradual demolition of buildings in the Al-Tadhamon neighbourhood. However, most property owners remain displaced from the neighbourhood, while there is little clarity regarding the legal bases for the demolitions, all of which threaten residents’ housing, land, and property rights.
15-03-2022
The process for expanding the zoning plan for Al-Tal in the Rural Damascus governorate appears to be nearing completion decades after it began. However, the expansion has caused negative impacts on housing, land, and property rights.