Analysis & Features

The legal handling of movable and immovable properties confiscated under a final judicial ruling, as per Law No. 26 of 2023, can be seen as an extension of previous laws such as the Code of Criminal Procedure, Penal Code No. 148 of 1949, and the Antiterrorism Court Law No. 22 of 2012.
After its approval by the Parliament on October 30, Bashar Al-Assad ratified the Law on the Disposal of Movable and Immovable Properties Confiscated under a Final Judicial Ruling. This law, No. 26, was issued on December 7 and published in the Official Gazette.
Law No. 12 of 2014 regulates the profession of transaction facilitators and petition writers. A transaction facilitator is a person authorised to handle professionally and complete transactions at public and non-public entities on behalf of their owners for a fee.
General mobilisation involves utilising the country's human and material resources, especially military resources, to serve the defence efforts of the nation's sovereignty in times of war and in cases of internal and external threats and disasters.
On November 22, the General Administration of Civil Affairs, affiliated with the Ministry of Interior, issued Circular No. 712 prohibiting a lawyer who has obtained judicial power of attorney from a client in a particular governorate from accessing the Civil Registry in another governorate using the same power of attorney. 
An improvement fee is imposed on land owners whose properties, whether they are built or not, benefit from work carried by public authorities  The fee is collected by the local administrative unit. The Financial Law of Administrative Units (Law No. 37 of 2021) regulates how administrative units may collect certain fees.
The past two months of aerial and artillery bombing on Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham-controlled Idlib by regime forces and the Russian Air Force have resulted in the displacement of thousands of residents, especially from the city of Idlib. Nevertheless, the prices of house rentals in the city have not decreased.
The Council of Ministers has issued executive instructions for Law No. 2 of 2023, which amends Investment Law No. 18 of 2021. The executive instructions were issued by two resolutions of the Council of Ministers on October 15, bearing the numbers 1575 and 1576.
Syria’s State Property Law No. 252 of 1959 allows individuals to occupy, rent and invest in the private state properties, which includes both built and unbuilt real estate as well as non-movable proprietary rights owned by the state as an entity.
Property expropriation is legitimate in Syria but it remains an administrative act that affects individual property rights. According to the law, any administrative authority, when expropriating for public benefit, must pay fair compensation to the owners of expropriated properties. This acts as a safeguard for property rights against uncompensated or free expropriation.