Analysis & Features

An improvement fee is imposed on land owners whose properties, whether they are built or not, benefit from work carried by public authorities  The fee is collected by the local administrative unit. The Financial Law of Administrative Units (Law No. 37 of 2021) regulates how administrative units may collect certain fees.
The past two months of aerial and artillery bombing on Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham-controlled Idlib by regime forces and the Russian Air Force have resulted in the displacement of thousands of residents, especially from the city of Idlib. Nevertheless, the prices of house rentals in the city have not decreased.
The Council of Ministers has issued executive instructions for Law No. 2 of 2023, which amends Investment Law No. 18 of 2021. The executive instructions were issued by two resolutions of the Council of Ministers on October 15, bearing the numbers 1575 and 1576.
Syria’s State Property Law No. 252 of 1959 allows individuals to occupy, rent and invest in the private state properties, which includes both built and unbuilt real estate as well as non-movable proprietary rights owned by the state as an entity.
Property expropriation is legitimate in Syria but it remains an administrative act that affects individual property rights. According to the law, any administrative authority, when expropriating for public benefit, must pay fair compensation to the owners of expropriated properties. This acts as a safeguard for property rights against uncompensated or free expropriation.
Syria’s Expropriation Law, enacted by Decree No. 20 of 1983, grants certain public entities the authority to deduct the equivalent of one-quarter of the area of a property that is partially expropriated, free of charge and without compensation. The Expropriation Law justifies this measure by arguing that the value of the remaining portion of the property will increase due to the improvements made to the deducted one-quarter.
Under Syrian law, easement rights for public benefit are enabled for various situations such as allowing access to beaches and riverbanks, or facilitating the usage of public pathways, especially military installations.
Al-Haydariyeh is among the largest informal settlements in Aleppo and was declared a real estate development zone in 2011. The area saw widespread devastation during the war, forcing its residents into displacement. And though the Aleppo City Council hoped Al-Haydariyeh real estate development project could serve as a model for reconstruction in other east Aleppo neighbourhoods, the project still needs to be completed. 
Legislative Decree No. 66 of 2012, which established two zoned real estate areas within Damascus governorate as part of the general plan for the capital city, compensated some rights holders with zoning shares in these two areas. This article explains what is meant by “zoning shares” and how people obtain them.
The general zoning plan for Aleppo was reissued multiple times in recent years, aiming to receive and study objections as part of the regular mechanism for issuing such plans.